U.S. Women’s Soccer Team’s Equal Pay Fight Continues As They Defend Their Title As World Champions

Gray, Kristin - 300dpi
Kristin Gray

On March 8, 2019, all 28 players on the women’s national team, initiated a proposed class and collective action in the United States District Court for the Central District of California against the United States Soccer Federation alleging discrimination based on sex in violation of the Equal Pay Act (“EPA”) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (“Title VII”).  Notably, the players chose to file suit on International Women’s Day, which is intended to celebrate the social, economic, cultural, and political achievements of women, as well as to raise awareness of gender equality issues.  Their fight continues as they defend their title as world champions at the World Cup. Continue reading

After the Scare: Sixth Circuit says Insurance Agents Are Still Independent Contractors

Close, Grant - 300dpi
Grant Close

Last week, many insurance carriers breathed a sigh of relief when the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals held that more than 700 American Family Life Insurance agents were properly classified as independent contractors, not employees.  The case is Jammal v. American Family Life Insurance Company, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 2905.  Continue reading

Depositing Funds to Moot Wage and Hour Claims

Douglas, Jeff - 300dpi
Jeffrey Douglas

While wage and hour class and collective actions continue to prove costly for employers, defense counsel have tinkered with different creative methods to attempt to preemptively moot an individual plaintiff’s claims prior to the conditional certification of a collective or class action.  Although courts are currently split on the viability of such tactics, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals (“Second Circuit”) has left the door open for defendants to attempt a preemptive strike. Continue reading

Ninth Circuit Holds That The FAAA Does Not Preempt California’s Common Law Independent Contractor Test, But Holds The Door Open For Preemption Of The More Restrictive “ABC” Test

Boughton, Ross - 300dpi
Ross Boughton

Executive Summary:  In recent years, courts throughout the nation have grappled with the interplay and potential conflict between state employment laws and the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act (“FAAAA”), which generally prohibits states from enforcing any law  “related to” a motor carrier’s “price, route, or service. . . with respect to the transportation of property.”  49 U.S.C. § 14501(c)(1).  The issue typically arises when a state employment law imposes employee requirements or restrictions that have an actual or potential impact on how a motor carriers operate or the price they charge.    Continue reading