No Double Recovery Under State and Federal Wage and Hour Law in New York

Shooman, Jeff - 300dpi
Jeff Shooman

Executive Summary: In New York, with its robust state New York Labor Law (“NYLL”), one can receive liquidated damages on top of compensatory damages greater than liquidated damages under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”).  The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit has determined, however, that one cannot receive a double recovery under the NYLL and FLSA for liquidated damages.  That principle was reaffirmed in early October.    Continue reading

An Employer’s Duty to Preserve Documents Beyond the FLSA’s Record Keeping Requirements

Benton, Lori - 300dpi
Lori Benton

Executive Summary:  The Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) requires a covered employer to maintain and preserve certain records for different classifications of employees. See 29 CFR § 516. Many states have similar record keeping requirements. Notwithstanding these statutory record keeping requirements, an employer in compliance can still be subject to sanctions for failure to preserve documents relevant to an employee’s wage and hour claim.   Continue reading

Settlement Talk Over Sushi: The Second Circuit Set to Decide Key FLSA Settlement Issue

Ryan, Patrick - 300dpi
Pat Ryan

Executive Summary:    Earlier this week, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals heard oral arguments regarding whether judicial review of a Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) settlement is required before entry of an offer of judgment pursuant to Rule 68 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (“FRCP”).  While there is longstanding history mandating court approval of FLSA settlements, the majority of district courts in the Second Circuit—unlike most other Circuits—have allowed Rule 68 settlements absent judicial approval.  As such, employers in this Circuit have increasingly tried to use Rule 68 to avoid judicial scrutiny of settlement agreements.  After hearing oral arguments in Yu v. Hasaki Restaurant, Inc., 319 F.R.D. 111 (S.D.N.Y. 2017) this week, the Second Circuit appears primed to weigh in on this unsettled and controversial issue—which will determine whether judicial review or a system resembling private party contracting will govern in the Second Circuit.  Continue reading

Recent Case Provides Food for Thought on “Primary Duty” of FLSA Overtime-Exempt Managers

Prendergast, Mike - 300dpi
Mike Prendergast

In Clendenen v. Steak N Shake Operations, Inc., Case No. 4:17-cv-01506-JAR, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 167101 (E.D. Mo. Sept. 28, 2018), the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri recently granted conditional class certification under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) to Steak ‘n Shake restaurant managers challenging their classification as overtime-exempt under the FLSA’s executive and administrative exemptions.  Conditional certification is the first step toward maintaining an FLSA collective action.  The Clendenen court found evidence to support conditional certification, including evidence that the managers’ duties were “largely the same as the non-exempt employees they supervised.”  Continue reading

Inching Closer to a New Overtime Rule?

Adams, Julie 300dpi
Julie Adams

In 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) modified 29 C.F.R. § 541 – which regulates  the Fair Labor Standards Act’s (“FLSA”) white-collar exemptions (administrative, executive, professional, computer, and outside sales) – often referred to as the “Overtime Rule.”  Among other changes, the new Overtime Rule increased the salary threshold for white-collar employees from $23,660 to $47,476.  Before the new Overtime Rule took effect, Judge Amos Mazzant, a federal district judge in Texas, temporarily blocked the rule by entering an injunction in Nevada v. United States Dep’t of Labor, 227 F. Supp. 3d 696 (E.D. Tex. 2017).  Rather than appeal Judge Mazzant’s decision and pursue implementation of the revised 2016 rule, the DOL elected, instead, to proceed with a new rulemaking.  Continue reading

What Issues May Employers Be Required to Address as Hurricane Florence Threatens?

florenceExecutive Summary: As the East Coast of the U.S. braces for Hurricane Florence, the approaching storm serves as a reminder that employers should be prepared to address storm-related issues if they are required to close their businesses and as they prepare to resume normal operations. For example, employers need to determine whether closing the office means having to pay workers who stay home, being on the hook for unemployment compensation, and whether workers’ compensation applies to weather-related injuries. Continue reading

Tip Credits and Florida Minimum Wage Laws

Gomez, Rudy - 300dpi
Rudy Gomez

Background: The Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) and Florida minimum wage law allow an employer to take a tip credit toward its minimum wage obligation for “tipped employees”. A “tipped employee” is an employee who customarily and regularly receives more than $30 per month in tips. 29 U.S.C. § 203(t). An employer is permitted to take a tip credit equal to the difference between the minimum wage (currently $8.25 in Florida) and the required cash wage (currently must be at least $5.23 in Florida). Thus, the maximum tip credit that an employer can currently claim under the FLSA and Florida law is $3.02 per hour ($8.25 – $5.23).  Continue reading